The Book of Esther
Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus
which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven
and twenty provinces:)
2 That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the
throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,
3 In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all
his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles
and princes of the provinces, being before him:
4 When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and
the honour of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and
5 And when these days were expired, the king made a feast
unto all the people that were present in Shushan the palace, both unto
great and small, seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's
6 Where were white, green, and blue, hangings, fastened
with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble:
the beds were of gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and
white, and black, marble.
7 And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, (the
vessels being diverse one from another,) and royal wine in abundance,
according to the state of the king.
8 And the drinking was according to the law; none did
compel: for so the king had appointed to all the officers of his house,
that they should do according to every man's pleasure.
9 Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the
royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.
10 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was
merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and
Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the
presence of Ahasuerus the king,
11 To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the
crown royal, to shew the people and the princes her beauty: for she was
fair to look on.
12 But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's
commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and
his anger burned in him.
13 Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the
times, (for so was the king's manner toward all that knew law and
14 And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha,
Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and
Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the
15 What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to
law, because she hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus
by the chamberlains?
16 And Memucan answered before the king and the princes,
Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the
princes, and to all the people that are in all the provinces of the king
17 For this deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all
women, so that they shall despise their husbands in their eyes, when it
shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be
brought in before him, but she came not.
18 Likewise shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this
day unto all the king's princes, which have heard of the deed of the
queen. Thus shall there arise too much contempt and wrath.
19 If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment
from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the
Medes, that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king
Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is
better than she.
20 And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be
published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives
shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small.
21 And the saying pleased the king and the princes; and
the king did according to the word of Memucan:
22 For he sent letters into all the king's provinces, into
every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after
their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that
it should be published according to the language of every
1 After these things, when the wrath of king Ahasuerus was
appeased, he remembered Vashti, and what she had done, and what was
decreed against her.
2 Then said the king's servants that ministered unto him,
Let there be fair young virgins sought for the king:
3 And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces
of his kingdom, that they may gather together all the fair young virgins
unto Shushan the palace, to the house of the women, unto the custody of
Hege the king's chamberlain, keeper of the women; and let their things for
purification be given them:
4 And let the maiden which pleaseth the king be queen
instead of Vashti. And the thing pleased the king; and he did so.
5 Now in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose
name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a
6 Who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the
captivity which had been carried away with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom
Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away.
7 And he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle's
daughter: for she had neither father nor mother, and the maid was fair and
beautiful; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead, took for
his own daughter.
8 So it came to pass, when the king's commandment and his
decree was heard, and when many maidens were gathered together unto
Shushan the palace, to the custody of Hegai, that Esther was brought also
unto the king's house, to the custody of Hegai, keeper of the
9 And the maiden pleased him, and she obtained kindness of
him; and he speedily gave her her things for purification, with such
things as belonged to her, and seven maidens, which were meet to be given
her, out of the king's house: and he preferred her and her maids unto the
best place of the house of the women.
10 Esther had not shewed her people nor her kindred: for
Mordecai had charged her that she should not shew it.
11 And Mordecai walked every day before the court of the
women's house, to know how Esther did, and what should become of
12 Now when every maid's turn was come to go in to king
Ahasuerus, after that she had been twelve months, according to the manner
of the women, (for so were the days of their purifications accomplished,
to wit, six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with sweet odours,
and with other things for the purifying of the women;)
13 Then thus came every maiden unto the king; whatsoever
she desired was given her to go with her out of the house of the women
unto the king's house.
14 In the evening she went, and on the morrow she returned
into the second house of the women, to the custody of Shaashgaz, the
king's chamberlain, which kept the concubines: she came in unto the king
no more, except the king delighted in her, and that she were called by
15 Now when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail
the uncle of Mordecai, who had taken her for his daughter, was come to go
in unto the king, she required nothing but what Hegai the king's
chamberlain, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Esther obtained
favour in the sight of all them that looked upon her.
16 So Esther was taken unto king Ahasuerus into his house
royal in the tenth month, which is the month Tebeth, in the seventh year
of his reign.
17 And the king loved Esther above all the women, and she
obtained grace and favour in his sight more than all the virgins; so that
he set the royal crown upon her head, and made her queen instead of
18 Then the king made a great feast unto all his princes
and his servants, even Esther's feast; and he made a release to the
provinces, and gave gifts, according to the state of the king.
19 And when the virgins were gathered together the second
time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate.
20 Esther had not yet shewed her kindred nor her people;
as Mordecai had charged her: for Esther did the commandment of Mordecai,
like as when she was brought up with him.
21 In those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate,
two of the king's chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, of those which kept
the door, were wroth, and sought to lay hands on the king
22 And the thing was known to Mordecai, who told it unto
Esther the queen; and Esther certified the king thereof in Mordecai's
23 And when inquisition was made of the matter, it was
found out; therefore they were both hanged on a tree: and it was written
in the book of the chronicles before the king.
1 After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the
son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above
all the princes that were with him.
2 And all the king's servants, that were in the king's
gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded
concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence.
3 Then the king's servants, which were in the king's gate,
said unto Mordecai, Why transgressest thou the king's commandment?
4 Now it came to pass, when they spake daily unto him, and
he hearkened not unto them, that they told Haman, to see whether
Mordecai's matters would stand: for he had told them that he was a
5 And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him
reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.
6 And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for
they had shewed him the people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to
destroy all the Jews that were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus,
even the people of Mordecai.
7 In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the
twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before
Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that
is, the month Adar.
8 And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain
people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the
provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse from all people;
neither keep they the king's laws: therefore it is not for the king's
profit to suffer them.
9 If it please the king, let it be written that they may
be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands
of those that have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king's
10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it
unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy.
11 And the king said unto Haman, The silver is given to
thee, the people also, to do with them as it seemeth good to thee.
12 Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth
day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman
had commanded unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors that were
over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province
according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their
language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with
the king's ring.
13 And the letters were sent by posts into all the king's
provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both
young and old, little children and women, in one day, even upon the
thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to take
the spoil of them for a prey.
14 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given
in every province was published unto all people, that they should be ready
against that day.
15 The posts went out, being hastened by the king's
commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king
and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was
1 When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent
his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst
of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;
2 And came even before the king's gate: for none might
enter into the king's gate clothed with sackcloth.
3 And in every province, whithersoever the king's
commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews,
and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and
4 So Esther's maids and her chamberlains came and told it
her. Then was the queen exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to
clothe Mordecai, and to take away his sackcloth from him: but he received
5 Then called Esther for Hatach, one of the king's
chamberlains, whom he had appointed to attend upon her, and gave him a
commandment to Mordecai, to know what it was, and why it was.
6 So Hatach went forth to Mordecai unto the street of the
city, which was before the king's gate.
7 And Mordecai told him of all that had happened unto him,
and of the sum of the money that Haman had promised to pay to the king's
treasuries for the Jews, to destroy them.
8 Also he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree
that was given at Shushan to destroy them, to shew it unto Esther, and to
declare it unto her, and to charge her that she should go in unto the
king, to make supplication unto him, and to make request before him for
9 And Hatach came and told Esther the words of
10 Again Esther spake unto Hatach, and gave him
commandment unto Mordecai;
11 All the king's servants, and the people of the king's
provinces, do know, that whosoever, whether man or women, shall come unto
the king into the inner court, who is not called, there is one law of his
to put him to death, except such to whom the king shall hold out the
golden sceptre, that he may live: but I have not been called to come in
unto the king these thirty days.
12 And they told to Mordecai Esther's words.
13 Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Think not
with thyself that thou shalt escape in the king's house, more than all the
14 For if thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time,
then shall there enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from
another place; but thou and thy father's house shall be destroyed: and who
knoweth whether thou art come to the kingdom for such a time as
15 Then Esther bade them return Mordecai this
16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in
Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night
or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto
the king, which is not according to the law: and if I perish, I
17 So Mordecai went his way, and did according to all that
Esther had commanded him.
1 Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on
her royal apparel, and stood in the inner court of the king's house, over
against the king's house: and the king sat upon his royal throne in the
royal house, over against the gate of the house.
2 And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen
standing in the court, that she obtained favour in his sight: and the king
held out to Esther the golden sceptre that was in his hand. So Esther drew
near, and touched the top of the sceptre.
3 Then said the king unto her, What wilt thou, queen
Esther? and what is thy request? it shall be even given thee to the half
of the kingdom.
4 And Esther answered, If it seem good unto the king, let
the king and Haman come this day unto the banquet that I have prepared for
5 Then the king said, Cause Haman to make haste, that he
may do as Esther hath said. So the king and Haman came to the banquet that
Esther had prepared.
6 And the king said unto Esther at the banquet of wine,
What is thy petition? and it shall be granted thee: and what is thy
request? even to the half of the kingdom it shall be performed.
7 Then answered Esther, and said, My petition and my
8 If I have found favour in the sight of the king, and if
it please the king to grant my petition, and to perform my request, let
the king and Haman come to the banquet that I shall prepare for them, and
I will do to morrow as the king hath said.
9 Then went Haman forth that day joyful and with a glad
heart: but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he stood not
up, nor moved for him, he was full of indignation against Mordecai.
10 Nevertheless Haman refrained himself: and when he came
home, he sent and called for his friends, and Zeresh his wife.
11 And Haman told them of the glory of his riches, and the
multitude of his children, and all the things wherein the king had
promoted him, and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants
of the king.
12 Haman said moreover, Yea, Esther the queen did let no
man come in with the king unto the banquet that she had prepared but
myself; and to morrow am I invited unto her also with the king.
13 Yet all this availeth me nothing, so long as I see
Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate.
14 Then said Zeresh his wife and all his friends unto him,
Let a gallows be made of fifty cubits high, and to morrow speak thou unto
the king that Mordecai may be hanged thereon: then go thou in merrily with
the king unto the banquet. And the thing pleased Haman; and he caused the
gallows to be made.
1 On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded
to bring the book of records of the chronicles; and they were read before
2 And it was found written, that Mordecai had told of
Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king's chamberlains, the keepers of the
door, who sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus.
3 And the king said, What honour and dignity hath been
done to Mordecai for this? Then said the king's servants that ministered
unto him, There is nothing done for him.
4 And the king said, Who is in the court? Now Haman was
come into the outward court of the king's house, to speak unto the king to
hang Mordecai on the gallows that he had prepared for him.
5 And the king's servants said unto him, Behold, Haman
standeth in the court. And the king said, Let him come in.
6 So Haman came in. And the king said unto him, What shall
be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour? Now Haman thought
in his heart, To whom would the king delight to do honour more than to
7 And Haman answered the king, For the man whom the king
delighteth to honour,
8 Let the royal apparel be brought which the king useth to
wear, and the horse that the king rideth upon, and the crown royal which
is set upon his head:
9 And let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand
of one of the king's most noble princes, that they may array the man
withal whom the king delighteth to honour, and bring him on horseback
through the street of the city, and proclaim before him, Thus shall it be
done to the man whom the king delighteth to honour.
10 Then the king said to Haman, Make haste, and take the
apparel and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even so to Mordecai the
Jew, that sitteth at the king's gate: let nothing fail of all that thou
11 Then took Haman the apparel and the horse, and arrayed
Mordecai, and brought him on horseback through the street of the city, and
proclaimed before him, Thus shall it be done unto the man whom the king
delighteth to honour.
12 And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman
hasted to his house mourning, and having his head covered.
13 And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends
every thing that had befallen him. Then said his wise men and Zeresh his
wife unto him, If Mordecai be of the seed of the Jews, before whom thou
hast begun to fall, thou shalt not prevail against him, but shalt surely
fall before him.
14 And while they were yet talking with him, came the
king's chamberlains, and hasted to bring Haman unto the banquet that
Esther had prepared.
1 So the king and Haman came to banquet with Esther the
2 And the king said again unto Esther on the second day at
the banquet of wine, What is thy petition, queen Esther? and it shall be
granted thee: and what is thy request? and it shall be performed, even to
the half of the kingdom.
3 Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found
favour in thy sight, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be
given me at my petition, and my people at my request:
4 For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be
slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I
had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's
5 Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther
the queen, Who is he, and where is he, that durst presume in his heart to
6 And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked
Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.
7 And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his
wrath went into the palace garden: and Haman stood up to make request for
his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined
against him by the king.
8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the
place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon
Esther was. Then said the king, Will he force the queen also before me in
the house? As the word went out of king's mouth, they covered Haman's
9 And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the
king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for
Mordecai, who spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman.
Then the king said, Hang him thereon.
10 So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had
prepared for Mordecai. Then was the king's wrath pacified.
1 On that day did the king Ahasuerus give the house of
Haman the Jews' enemy unto Esther the queen. And Mordecai came before the
king; for Esther had told what he was unto her.
2 And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from
Haman, and gave it unto Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house
3 And Esther spake yet again before the king, and fell
down at his feet, and besought him with tears to put away the mischief of
Haman the Agagite, and his device that he had devised against the
4 Then the king held out the golden sceptre toward Esther.
So Esther arose, and stood before the king,
5 And said, If it please the king, and if I have favour in
his sight, and the thing seem right before the king, and I be pleasing in
his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman the
son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews which
are in all the king's provinces:
6 For how can I endure to see the evil that shall come
unto my people? or how can I endure to see the destruction of my
7 Then the king Ahasuerus said unto Esther the queen and
to Mordecai the Jew, Behold, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and
him they have hanged upon the gallows, because he laid his hand upon the
8 Write ye also for the Jews, as it liketh you, in the
king's name, and seal it with the king's ring: for the writing which is
written in the king's name, and sealed with the king's ring, may no man
9 Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the
third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day
thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto
the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the
provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven
provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto
every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their
writing, and according to their language.
10 And he wrote in the king Ahasuerus' name, and sealed it
with the king's ring, and sent letters by posts on horseback, and riders
on mules, camels, and young dromedaries:
11 Wherein the king granted the Jews which were in every
city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to
destroy, to slay and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and
province that would assault them, both little ones and women, and to take
the spoil of them for a prey,
12 Upon one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus,
namely, upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month
13 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given
in every province was published unto all people, and that the Jews should
be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies.
14 So the posts that rode upon mules and camels went out,
being hastened and pressed on by the king's commandment. And the decree
was given at Shushan the palace.
15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in
royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with
a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and
16 The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and
17 And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever
the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness,
a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews;
for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.
1 Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on
the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree
drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews
hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary, that
the Jews had rule over them that hated them;)
2 The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities
throughout all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such as
sought their hurt: and no man could withstand them; for the fear of them
fell upon all people.
3 And all the rulers of the provinces, and the
lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of the king, helped the Jews;
because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them.
4 For Mordecai was great in the king's house, and his fame
went out throughout all the provinces: for this man Mordecai waxed greater
5 Thus the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of
the sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto
those that hated them.
6 And in Shushan the palace the Jews slew and destroyed
five hundred men.
7 And Parshandatha, and Dalphon, and Aspatha,
8 And Poratha, and Adalia, and Aridatha,
9 And Parmashta, and Arisai, and Aridai, and
10 The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy
of the Jews, slew they; but on the spoil laid they not their hand.
11 On that day the number of those that were slain in
Shushan the palace was brought before the king.
12 And the king said unto Esther the queen, The Jews have
slain and destroyed five hundred men in Shushan the palace, and the ten
sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king's provinces?
now what is thy petition? and it shall be granted thee: or what is thy
request further? and it shall be done.
13 Then said Esther, If it please the king, let it be
granted to the Jews which are in Shushan to do to morrow also according
unto this day's decree, and let Haman's ten sons be hanged upon the
14 And the king commanded it so to be done: and the decree
was given at Shushan; and they hanged Haman's ten sons.
15 For the Jews that were in Shushan gathered themselves
together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three
hundred men at Shushan; but on the prey they laid not their hand.
16 But the other Jews that were in the king's provinces
gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from
their enemies, and slew of their foes seventy and five thousand, but they
laid not their hands on the prey,
17 On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the
fourteenth day of the same rested they, and made it a day of feasting and
18 But the Jews that were at Shushan assembled together on
the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the
fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and
19 Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the
unwalled towns, made the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of
gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions one to
20 And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto
all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both
nigh and far,
21 To stablish this among them, that they should keep the
fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same,
22 As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies,
and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from
mourning into a good day: that they should make them days of feasting and
joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor.
23 And the Jews undertook to do as they had begun, and as
Mordecai had written unto them;
24 Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the
enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and
had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy
25 But when Esther came before the king, he commanded by
letters that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews, should
return upon his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the
26 Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name
of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter, and of that which they
had seen concerning this matter, and which had come unto them,
27 The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their
seed, and upon all such as joined themselves unto them, so as it should
not fail, that they would keep these two days according to their writing,
and according to their appointed time every year;
28 And that these days should be remembered and kept
throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city;
and that these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the
memorial of them perish from their seed.
29 Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and
Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority, to confirm this second letter
30 And he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the
hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words
of peace and truth,
31 To confirm these days of Purim in their times
appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined
them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the
matters of the fastings and their cry.
32 And the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of
Purim; and it was written in the book.
1 And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and
upon the isles of the sea.
2 And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the
declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him,
are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media
3 For Mordecai the Jew was next unto king Ahasuerus, and
great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren,
seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace to all his