The Book of 1 Samuel
Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim,
and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of
Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite:
2 And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah,
and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah
had no children.
3 And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship
and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of
Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.
4 And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to
Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:
5 But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved
Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.
6 And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make
her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.
7 And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the
house of the LORD, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not
8 Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why
weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am
not I better to thee than ten sons?
9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and
after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the
temple of the LORD.
10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the
LORD, and wept sore.
11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou
wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and
not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child,
then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there
shall no razor come upon his head.
12 And it came to pass, as she continued praying before
the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth.
13 Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips
moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been
14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken?
put away thy wine from thee.
15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman
of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but
have poured out my soul before the LORD.
16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for
out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken
17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of
Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him.
18 And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy
sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no
19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped
before the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and
Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her.
20 Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about
after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name
Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the LORD.
21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to
offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.
22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband,
I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him,
that he may appear before the LORD, and there abide for ever.
23 And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth
thee good; tarry until thou have weaned him; only the LORD establish his
word. So the woman abode, and gave her son suck until she weaned
24 And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her,
with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and
brought him unto the house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child was
25 And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to
26 And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord,
I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD.
27 For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my
petition which I asked of him:
28 Therefore also I have lent him to the LORD; as long as
he liveth he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD
1 And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the
LORD, mine horn is exalted in the LORD: my mouth is enlarged over mine
enemies; because I rejoice in thy salvation.
2 There is none holy as the LORD: for there is none beside
thee: neither is there any rock like our God.
3 Talk no more so exceeding proudly; let not arrogancy
come out of your mouth: for the LORD is a God of knowledge, and by him
actions are weighed.
4 The bows of the mighty men are broken, and they that
stumbled are girded with strength.
5 They that were full have hired out themselves for bread;
and they that were hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven; and
she that hath many children is waxed feeble.
6 The LORD killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to
the grave, and bringeth up.
7 The LORD maketh poor, and maketh rich: he bringeth low,
and lifteth up.
8 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up
the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them
inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth are the LORD's,
and he hath set the world upon them.
9 He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked
shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail.
10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces;
out of heaven shall he thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge the ends of
the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of
11 And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. And the child
did minister unto the LORD before Eli the priest.
12 Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not
13 And the priest's custom with the people was, that, when
any man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was
in seething, with a fleshhook of three teeth in his hand;
14 And he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron,
or pot; all that the fleshhook brought up the priest took for himself. So
they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither.
15 Also before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant
came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the
priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw.
16 And if any man said unto him, Let them not fail to burn
the fat presently, and then take as much as thy soul desireth; then he
would answer him, Nay; but thou shalt give it me now: and if not, I will
take it by force.
17 Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great
before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD.
18 But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child,
girded with a linen ephod.
19 Moreover his mother made him a little coat, and brought
it to him from year to year, when she came up with her husband to offer
the yearly sacrifice.
20 And Eli blessed Elkanah and his wife, and said, The
LORD give thee seed of this woman for the loan which is lent to the LORD.
And they went unto their own home.
21 And the LORD visited Hannah, so that she conceived, and
bare three sons and two daughters. And the child Samuel grew before the
22 Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did
unto all Israel; and how they lay with the women that assembled at the
door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
23 And he said unto them, Why do ye such things? for I
hear of your evil dealings by all this people.
24 Nay, my sons; for it is no good report that I hear: ye
make the LORD's people to transgress.
25 If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge
him: but if a man sin against the LORD, who shall intreat for him?
Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because
the LORD would slay them.
26 And the child Samuel grew on, and was in favour both
with the LORD, and also with men.
27 And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto
him, Thus saith the LORD, Did I plainly appear unto the house of thy
father, when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh's house?
28 And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to
be my priest, to offer upon mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod
before me? and did I give unto the house of thy father all the offerings
made by fire of the children of Israel?
29 Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering,
which I have commanded in my habitation; and honourest thy sons above me,
to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my
30 Wherefore the LORD God of Israel saith, I said indeed
that thy house, and the house of thy father, should walk before me for
ever: but now the LORD saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour me I
will honour, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed.
31 Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm,
and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in
32 And thou shalt see an enemy in my habitation, in all
the wealth which God shall give Israel: and there shall not be an old man
in thine house for ever.
33 And the man of thine, whom I shall not cut off from
mine altar, shall be to consume thine eyes, and to grieve thine heart: and
all the increase of thine house shall die in the flower of their
34 And this shall be a sign unto thee, that shall come
upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die both
35 And I will raise me up a faithful priest, that shall do
according to that which is in mine heart and in my mind: and I will build
him a sure house; and he shall walk before mine anointed for ever.
36 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left
in thine house shall come and crouch to him for a piece of silver and a
morsel of bread, and shall say, Put me, I pray thee, into one of the
priests' offices, that I may eat a piece of bread.
1 And the child Samuel ministered unto the LORD before
Eli. And the word of the LORD was precious in those days; there was no
2 And it came to pass at that time, when Eli was laid down
in his place, and his eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see;
3 And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the
LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep;
4 That the LORD called Samuel: and he answered, Here am
5 And he ran unto Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou
calledst me. And he said, I called not; lie down again. And he went and
6 And the LORD called yet again, Samuel. And Samuel arose
and went to Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou didst call me. And he
answered, I called not, my son; lie down again.
7 Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD, neither was the
word of the LORD yet revealed unto him.
8 And the LORD called Samuel again the third time. And he
arose and went to Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou didst call me. And
Eli perceived that the LORD had called the child.
9 Therefore Eli said unto Samuel, Go, lie down: and it
shall be, if he call thee, that thou shalt say, Speak, LORD; for thy
servant heareth. So Samuel went and lay down in his place.
10 And the LORD came, and stood, and called as at other
times, Samuel, Samuel. Then Samuel answered, Speak; for thy servant
11 And the LORD said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing
in Israel, at which both the ears of every one that heareth it shall
12 In that day I will perform against Eli all things which
I have spoken concerning his house: when I begin, I will also make an
13 For I have told him that I will judge his house for
ever for the iniquity which he knoweth; because his sons made themselves
vile, and he restrained them not.
14 And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that
the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor
offering for ever.
15 And Samuel lay until the morning, and opened the doors
of the house of the LORD. And Samuel feared to shew Eli the vision.
16 Then Eli called Samuel, and said, Samuel, my son. And
he answered, Here am I.
17 And he said, What is the thing that the LORD hath said
unto thee? I pray thee hide it not from me: God do so to thee, and more
also, if thou hide any thing from me of all the things that he said unto
18 And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from
him. And he said, It is the LORD: let him do what seemeth him good.
19 And Samuel grew, and the LORD was with him, and did let
none of his words fall to the ground.
20 And all Israel from Dan even to Beersheba knew that
Samuel was established to be a prophet of the LORD.
21 And the LORD appeared again in Shiloh: for the LORD
revealed himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the LORD.
1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel
went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer:
and the Philistines pitched in Aphek.
2 And the Philistines put themselves in array against
Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the
Philistines: and they slew of the army in the field about four thousand
3 And when the people were come into the camp, the elders
of Israel said, Wherefore hath the LORD smitten us to day before the
Philistines? Let us fetch the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of
Shiloh unto us, that, when it cometh among us, it may save us out of the
hand of our enemies.
4 So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from
thence the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth
between the cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were
there with the ark of the covenant of God.
5 And when the ark of the covenant of the LORD came into
the camp, all Israel shouted with a great shout, so that the earth rang
6 And when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout,
they said, What meaneth the noise of this great shout in the camp of the
Hebrews? And they understood that the ark of the LORD was come into the
7 And the Philistines were afraid, for they said, God is
come into the camp. And they said, Woe unto us! for there hath not been
such a thing heretofore.
8 Woe unto us! who shall deliver us out of the hand of
these mighty Gods? these are the Gods that smote the Egyptians with all
the plagues in the wilderness.
9 Be strong and quit yourselves like men, O ye
Philistines, that ye be not servants unto the Hebrews, as they have been
to you: quit yourselves like men, and fight.
10 And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and
they fled every man into his tent: and there was a very great slaughter;
for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.
11 And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli,
Hophni and Phinehas, were slain.
12 And there ran a man of Benjamin out of the army, and
came to Shiloh the same day with his clothes rent, and with earth upon his
13 And when he came, lo, Eli sat upon a seat by the
wayside watching: for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the
man came into the city, and told it, all the city cried out.
14 And when Eli heard the noise of the crying, he said,
What meaneth the noise of this tumult? And the man came in hastily, and
15 Now Eli was ninety and eight years old; and his eyes
were dim, that he could not see.
16 And the man said unto Eli, I am he that came out of the
army, and I fled to day out of the army. And he said, What is there done,
17 And the messenger answered and said, Israel is fled
before the Philistines, and there hath been also a great slaughter among
the people, and thy two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and the
ark of God is taken.
18 And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of
God, that he fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and
his neck brake, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. And he had
judged Israel forty years.
19 And his daughter in law, Phinehas' wife, was with
child, near to be delivered: and when she heard the tidings that the ark
of God was taken, and that her father in law and her husband were dead,
she bowed herself and travailed; for her pains came upon her.
20 And about the time of her death the women that stood by
her said unto her, Fear not; for thou hast born a son. But she answered
not, neither did she regard it.
21 And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is
departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken, and because of her
father in law and her husband.
22 And she said, The glory is departed from Israel: for
the ark of God is taken.
1 And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it
from Ebenezer unto Ashdod.
2 When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought
it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.
3 And when they of Ashdod arose early on the morrow,
behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the earth before the ark of the
LORD. And they took Dagon, and set him in his place again.
4 And when they arose early on the morrow morning, behold,
Dagon was fallen upon his face to the ground before the ark of the LORD;
and the head of Dagon and both the palms of his hands were cut off upon
the threshold; only the stump of Dagon was left to him.
5 Therefore neither the priests of Dagon, nor any that
come into Dagon's house, tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod unto
6 But the hand of the LORD was heavy upon them of Ashdod,
and he destroyed them, and smote them with emerods, even Ashdod and the
7 And when the men of Ashdod saw that it was so, they
said, The ark of the God of Israel shall not abide with us: for his hand
is sore upon us, and upon Dagon our god.
8 They sent therefore and gathered all the lords of the
Philistines unto them, and said, What shall we do with the ark of the God
of Israel? And they answered, Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried
about unto Gath. And they carried the ark of the God of Israel about
9 And it was so, that, after they had carried it about,
the hand of the LORD was against the city with a very great destruction:
and he smote the men of the city, both small and great, and they had
emerods in their secret parts.
10 Therefore they sent the ark of God to Ekron. And it
came to pass, as the ark of God came to Ekron, that the Ekronites cried
out, saying, They have brought about the ark of the God of Israel to us,
to slay us and our people.
11 So they sent and gathered together all the lords of the
Philistines, and said, Send away the ark of the God of Israel, and let it
go again to his own place, that it slay us not, and our people: for there
was a deadly destruction throughout all the city; the hand of God was very
12 And the men that died not were smitten with the
emerods: and the cry of the city went up to heaven.
1 And the ark of the LORD was in the country of the
Philistines seven months.
2 And the Philistines called for the priests and the
diviners, saying, What shall we do to the ark of the LORD? tell us
wherewith we shall send it to his place.
3 And they said, If ye send away the ark of the God of
Israel, send it not empty; but in any wise return him a trespass offering:
then ye shall be healed, and it shall be known to you why his hand is not
removed from you.
4 Then said they, What shall be the trespass offering
which we shall return to him? They answered, Five golden emerods, and five
golden mice, according to the number of the lords of the Philistines: for
one plague was on you all, and on your lords.
5 Wherefore ye shall make images of your emerods, and
images of your mice that mar the land; and ye shall give glory unto the
God of Israel: peradventure he will lighten his hand from off you, and
from off your gods, and from off your land.
6 Wherefore then do ye harden your hearts, as the
Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? when he had wrought
wonderfully among them, did they not let the people go, and they
7 Now therefore make a new cart, and take two milch kine,
on which there hath come no yoke, and tie the kine to the cart, and bring
their calves home from them:
8 And take the ark of the LORD, and lay it upon the cart;
and put the jewels of gold, which ye return him for a trespass offering,
in a coffer by the side thereof; and send it away, that it may go.
9 And see, if it goeth up by the way of his own coast to
Bethshemesh, then he hath done us this great evil: but if not, then we
shall know that it is not his hand that smote us: it was a chance that
happened to us.
10 And the men did so; and took two milch kine, and tied
them to the cart, and shut up their calves at home:
11 And they laid the ark of the LORD upon the cart, and
the coffer with the mice of gold and the images of their emerods.
12 And the kine took the straight way to the way of
Bethshemesh, and went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned
not aside to the right hand or to the left; and the lords of the
Philistines went after them unto the border of Bethshemesh.
13 And they of Bethshemesh were reaping their wheat
harvest in the valley: and they lifted up their eyes, and saw the ark, and
rejoiced to see it.
14 And the cart came into the field of Joshua, a
Bethshemite, and stood there, where there was a great stone: and they
clave the wood of the cart, and offered the kine a burnt offering unto the
15 And the Levites took down the ark of the LORD, and the
coffer that was with it, wherein the jewels of gold were, and put them on
the great stone: and the men of Bethshemesh offered burnt offerings and
sacrificed sacrifices the same day unto the LORD.
16 And when the five lords of the Philistines had seen it,
they returned to Ekron the same day.
17 And these are the golden emerods which the Philistines
returned for a trespass offering unto the LORD; for Ashdod one, for Gaza
one, for Askelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one;
18 And the golden mice, according to the number of all the
cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fenced
cities, and of country villages, even unto the great stone of Abel,
whereon they set down the ark of the LORD: which stone remaineth unto this
day in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.
19 And he smote the men of Bethshemesh, because they had
looked into the ark of the LORD, even he smote of the people fifty
thousand and threescore and ten men: and the people lamented, because the
LORD had smitten many of the people with a great slaughter.
20 And the men of Bethshemesh said, Who is able to stand
before this holy LORD God? and to whom shall he go up from us?
21 And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of
Kirjathjearim, saying, The Philistines have brought again the ark of the
LORD; come ye down, and fetch it up to you.
1 And the men of Kirjathjearim came, and fetched up the
ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill,
and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD.
2 And it came to pass, while the ark abode in
Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; for it was twenty years: and all
the house of Israel lamented after the LORD.
3 And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying,
If ye do return unto the LORD with all your hearts, then put away the
strange gods and Ashtaroth from among you, and prepare your hearts unto
the LORD, and serve him only: and he will deliver you out of the hand of
4 Then the children of Israel did put away Baalim and
Ashtaroth, and served the LORD only.
5 And Samuel said, Gather all Israel to Mizpeh, and I will
pray for you unto the LORD.
6 And they gathered together to Mizpeh, and drew water,
and poured it out before the LORD, and fasted on that day, and said there,
We have sinned against the LORD. And Samuel judged the children of Israel
7 And when the Philistines heard that the children of
Israel were gathered together to Mizpeh, the lords of the Philistines went
up against Israel. And when the children of Israel heard it, they were
afraid of the Philistines.
8 And the children of Israel said to Samuel, Cease not to
cry unto the LORD our God for us, that he will save us out of the hand of
9 And Samuel took a sucking lamb, and offered it for a
burnt offering wholly unto the LORD: and Samuel cried unto the LORD for
Israel; and the LORD heard him.
10 And as Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the
Philistines drew near to battle against Israel: but the LORD thundered
with a great thunder on that day upon the Philistines, and discomfited
them; and they were smitten before Israel.
11 And the men of Israel went out of Mizpeh, and pursued
the Philistines, and smote them, until they came under Bethcar.
12 Then Samuel took a stone, and set it between Mizpeh and
Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto hath the LORD
13 So the Philistines were subdued, and they came no more
into the coast of Israel: and the hand of the LORD was against the
Philistines all the days of Samuel.
14 And the cities which the Philistines had taken from
Israel were restored to Israel, from Ekron even unto Gath; and the coasts
thereof did Israel deliver out of the hands of the Philistines. And there
was peace between Israel and the Amorites.
15 And Samuel judged Israel all the days of his
16 And he went from year to year in circuit to Bethel, and
Gilgal, and Mizpeh, and judged Israel in all those places.
17 And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house;
and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar unto the
1 And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made
his sons judges over Israel.
2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of
his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beersheba.
3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside
after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.
4 Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves
together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah,
5 And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons
walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the
6 But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us
a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.
7 And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of
the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected
thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.
8 According to all the works which they have done since
the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith
they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also unto
9 Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet
protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that
shall reign over them.
10 And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the
people that asked of him a king.
11 And he said, This will be the manner of the king that
shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for
himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run
before his chariots.
12 And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and
captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap
his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his
13 And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries,
and to be cooks, and to be bakers.
14 And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and
your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his
15 And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your
vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants.
16 And he will take your menservants, and your
maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them
to his work.
17 He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be
18 And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king
which ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that
19 Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of
Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us;
20 That we also may be like all the nations; and that our
king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles.
21 And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he
rehearsed them in the ears of the LORD.
22 And the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice,
and make them a king. And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every
man unto his city.
1 Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish,
the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of
Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of power.
2 And he had a son, whose name was Saul, a choice young
man, and a goodly: and there was not among the children of Israel a
goodlier person than he: from his shoulders and upward he was higher than
any of the people.
3 And the asses of Kish Saul's father were lost. And Kish
said to Saul his son, Take now one of the servants with thee, and arise,
go seek the asses.
4 And he passed through mount Ephraim, and passed through
the land of Shalisha, but they found them not: then they passed through
the land of Shalim, and there they were not: and he passed through the
land of the Benjamites, but they found them not.
5 And when they were come to the land of Zuph, Saul said
to his servant that was with him, Come, and let us return; lest my father
leave caring for the asses, and take thought for us.
6 And he said unto him, Behold now, there is in this city
a man of God, and he is an honourable man; all that he saith cometh surely
to pass: now let us go thither; peradventure he can shew us our way that
we should go.
7 Then said Saul to his servant, But, behold, if we go,
what shall we bring the man? for the bread is spent in our vessels, and
there is not a present to bring to the man of God: what have we?
8 And the servant answered Saul again, and said, Behold, I
have here at hand the fourth part of a shekel of silver: that will I give
to the man of God, to tell us our way.
9 (Beforetime in Israel, when a man went to enquire of
God, thus he spake, Come, and let us go to the seer: for he that is now
called a Prophet was beforetime called a Seer.)
10 Then said Saul to his servant, Well said; come, let us
go. So they went unto the city where the man of God was.
11 And as they went up the hill to the city, they found
young maidens going out to draw water, and said unto them, Is the seer
12 And they answered them, and said, He is; behold, he is
before you: make haste now, for he came to day to the city; for there is a
sacrifice of the people to day in the high place:
13 As soon as ye be come into the city, ye shall
straightway find him, before he go up to the high place to eat: for the
people will not eat until he come, because he doth bless the sacrifice;
and afterwards they eat that be bidden. Now therefore get you up; for
about this time ye shall find him.
14 And they went up into the city: and when they were come
into the city, behold, Samuel came out against them, for to go up to the
15 Now the LORD had told Samuel in his ear a day before
Saul came, saying,
16 To morrow about this time I will send thee a man out of
the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be captain over my
people Israel, that he may save my people out of the hand of the
Philistines: for I have looked upon my people, because their cry is come
17 And when Samuel saw Saul, the LORD said unto him,
Behold the man whom I spake to thee of! this same shall reign over my
18 Then Saul drew near to Samuel in the gate, and said,
Tell me, I pray thee, where the seer's house is.
19 And Samuel answered Saul, and said, I am the seer: go
up before me unto the high place; for ye shall eat with me to day, and to
morrow I will let thee go, and will tell thee all that is in thine
20 And as for thine asses that were lost three days ago,
set not thy mind on them; for they are found. And on whom is all the
desire of Israel? Is it not on thee, and on all thy father's house?
21 And Saul answered and said, Am not I a Benjamite, of
the smallest of the tribes of Israel? and my family the least of all the
families of the tribe of Benjamin? wherefore then speakest thou so to
22 And Samuel took Saul and his servant, and brought them
into the parlour, and made them sit in the chiefest place among them that
were bidden, which were about thirty persons.
23 And Samuel said unto the cook, Bring the portion which
I gave thee, of which I said unto thee, Set it by thee.
24 And the cook took up the shoulder, and that which was
upon it, and set it before Saul. And Samuel said, Behold that which is
left! set it before thee, and eat: for unto this time hath it been kept
for thee since I said, I have invited the people. So Saul did eat with
Samuel that day.
25 And when they were come down from the high place into
the city, Samuel communed with Saul upon the top of the house.
26 And they arose early: and it came to pass about the
spring of the day, that Samuel called Saul to the top of the house,
saying, Up, that I may send thee away. And Saul arose, and they went out
both of them, he and Samuel, abroad.
27 And as they were going down to the end of the city,
Samuel said to Saul, Bid the servant pass on before us, (and he passed
on), but stand thou still a while, that I may shew thee the word of
1 Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his
head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because the LORD hath anointed
thee to be captain over his inheritance?
2 When thou art departed from me to day, then thou shalt
find two men by Rachel's sepulchre in the border of Benjamin at Zelzah;
and they will say unto thee, The asses which thou wentest to seek are
found: and, lo, thy father hath left the care of the asses, and sorroweth
for you, saying, What shall I do for my son?
3 Then shalt thou go on forward from thence, and thou
shalt come to the plain of Tabor, and there shall meet thee three men
going up to God to Bethel, one carrying three kids, and another carrying
three loaves of bread, and another carrying a bottle of wine:
4 And they will salute thee, and give thee two loaves of
bread; which thou shalt receive of their hands.
5 After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where is
the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art
come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets
coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe,
and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy:
6 And the Spirit of the LORD will come upon thee, and thou
shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man.
7 And let it be, when these signs are come unto thee, that
thou do as occasion serve thee; for God is with thee.
8 And thou shalt go down before me to Gilgal; and, behold,
I will come down unto thee, to offer burnt offerings, and to sacrifice
sacrifices of peace offerings: seven days shalt thou tarry, till I come to
thee, and shew thee what thou shalt do.
9 And it was so, that when he had turned his back to go
from Samuel, God gave him another heart: and all those signs came to pass
10 And when they came thither to the hill, behold, a
company of prophets met him; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he
prophesied among them.
11 And it came to pass, when all that knew him beforetime
saw that, behold, he prophesied among the prophets, then the people said
one to another, What is this that is come unto the son of Kish? Is Saul
also among the prophets?
12 And one of the same place answered and said, But who is
their father? Therefore it became a proverb, Is Saul also among the
13 And when he had made an end of prophesying, he came to
the high place.
14 And Saul's uncle said unto him and to his servant,
Whither went ye? And he said, To seek the asses: and when we saw that they
were no where, we came to Samuel.
15 And Saul's uncle said, Tell me, I pray thee, what
Samuel said unto you.
16 And Saul said unto his uncle, He told us plainly that
the asses were found. But of the matter of the kingdom, whereof Samuel
spake, he told him not.
17 And Samuel called the people together unto the LORD to
18 And said unto the children of Israel, Thus saith the
LORD God of Israel, I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you
out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all kingdoms, and
of them that oppressed you:
19 And ye have this day rejected your God, who himself
saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations; and ye have
said unto him, Nay, but set a king over us. Now therefore present
yourselves before the LORD by your tribes, and by your thousands.
20 And when Samuel had caused all the tribes of Israel to
come near, the tribe of Benjamin was taken.
21 When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near
by their families, the family of Matri was taken, and Saul the son of Kish
was taken: and when they sought him, he could not be found.
22 Therefore they enquired of the LORD further, if the man
should yet come thither. And the LORD answered, Behold he hath hid himself
among the stuff.
23 And they ran and fetched him thence: and when he stood
among the people, he was higher than any of the people from his shoulders
24 And Samuel said to all the people, See ye him whom the
LORD hath chosen, that there is none like him among all the people? And
all the people shouted, and said, God save the king.
25 Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom,
and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the LORD. And Samuel sent
all the people away, every man to his house.
26 And Saul also went home to Gibeah; and there went with
him a band of men, whose hearts God had touched.
27 But the children of Belial said, How shall this man
save us? And they despised him, and brought no presents. But he held his
1 Then Nahash the Ammonite came up, and encamped against
Jabeshgilead: and all the men of Jabesh said unto Nahash, Make a covenant
with us, and we will serve thee.
2 And Nahash the Ammonite answered them, On this condition
will I make a covenant with you, that I may thrust out all your right
eyes, and lay it for a reproach upon all Israel.
3 And the elders of Jabesh said unto him, Give us seven
days' respite, that we may send messengers unto all the coasts of Israel:
and then, if there be no man to save us, we will come out to thee.
4 Then came the messengers to Gibeah of Saul, and told the
tidings in the ears of the people: and all the people lifted up their
voices, and wept.
5 And, behold, Saul came after the herd out of the field;
and Saul said, What aileth the people that they weep? And they told him
the tidings of the men of Jabesh.
6 And the Spirit of God came upon Saul when he heard those
tidings, and his anger was kindled greatly.
7 And he took a yoke of oxen, and hewed them in pieces,
and sent them throughout all the coasts of Israel by the hands of
messengers, saying, Whosoever cometh not forth after Saul and after
Samuel, so shall it be done unto his oxen. And the fear of the LORD fell
on the people, and they came out with one consent.
8 And when he numbered them in Bezek, the children of
Israel were three hundred thousand, and the men of Judah thirty
9 And they said unto the messengers that came, Thus shall
ye say unto the men of Jabeshgilead, To morrow, by that time the sun be
hot, ye shall have help. And the messengers came and shewed it to the men
of Jabesh; and they were glad.
10 Therefore the men of Jabesh said, To morrow we will
come out unto you, and ye shall do with us all that seemeth good unto
11 And it was so on the morrow, that Saul put the people
in three companies; and they came into the midst of the host in the
morning watch, and slew the Ammonites until the heat of the day: and it
came to pass, that they which remained were scattered, so that two of them
were not left together.
12 And the people said unto Samuel, Who is he that said,
Shall Saul reign over us? bring the men, that we may put them to
13 And Saul said, There shall not a man be put to death
this day: for to day the LORD hath wrought salvation in Israel.
14 Then said Samuel to the people, Come, and let us go to
Gilgal, and renew the kingdom there.
15 And all the people went to Gilgal; and there they made
Saul king before the LORD in Gilgal; and there they sacrificed sacrifices
of peace offerings before the LORD; and there Saul and all the men of
Israel rejoiced greatly.
1 And Samuel said unto all Israel, Behold, I have
hearkened unto your voice in all that ye said unto me, and have made a
king over you.
2 And now, behold, the king walketh before you: and I am
old and grayheaded; and, behold, my sons are with you: and I have walked
before you from my childhood unto this day.
3 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD,
and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken?
or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I
received any bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it
4 And they said, Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed
us, neither hast thou taken ought of any man's hand.
5 And he said unto them, The LORD is witness against you,
and his anointed is witness this day, that ye have not found ought in my
hand. And they answered, He is witness.
6 And Samuel said unto the people, It is the LORD that
advanced Moses and Aaron, and that brought your fathers up out of the land
7 Now therefore stand still, that I may reason with you
before the LORD of all the righteous acts of the LORD, which he did to you
and to your fathers.
8 When Jacob was come into Egypt, and your fathers cried
unto the LORD, then the LORD sent Moses and Aaron, which brought forth
your fathers out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this place.
9 And when they forgat the LORD their God, he sold them
into the hand of Sisera, captain of the host of Hazor, and into the hand
of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they fought
10 And they cried unto the LORD, and said, We have sinned,
because we have forsaken the LORD, and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth:
but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve
11 And the LORD sent Jerubbaal, and Bedan, and Jephthah,
and Samuel, and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every
side, and ye dwelled safe.
12 And when ye saw that Nahash the king of the children of
Ammon came against you, ye said unto me, Nay; but a king shall reign over
us: when the LORD your God was your king.
13 Now therefore behold the king whom ye have chosen, and
whom ye have desired! and, behold, the LORD hath set a king over
14 If ye will fear the LORD, and serve him, and obey his
voice, and not rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then shall both
ye and also the king that reigneth over you continue following the LORD
15 But if ye will not obey the voice of the LORD, but
rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then shall the hand of the LORD
be against you, as it was against your fathers.
16 Now therefore stand and see this great thing, which the
LORD will do before your eyes.
17 Is it not wheat harvest to day? I will call unto the
LORD, and he shall send thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see
that your wickedness is great, which ye have done in the sight of the
LORD, in asking you a king.
18 So Samuel called unto the LORD; and the LORD sent
thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared the LORD and
19 And all the people said unto Samuel, Pray for thy
servants unto the LORD thy God, that we die not: for we have added unto
all our sins this evil, to ask us a king.
20 And Samuel said unto the people, Fear not: ye have done
all this wickedness: yet turn not aside from following the LORD, but serve
the LORD with all your heart;
21 And turn ye not aside: for then should ye go after vain
things, which cannot profit nor deliver; for they are vain.
22 For the LORD will not forsake his people for his great
name's sake: because it hath pleased the LORD to make you his
23 Moreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin
against the LORD in ceasing to pray for you: but I will teach you the good
and the right way:
24 Only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all
your heart: for consider how great things he hath done for you.
25 But if ye shall still do wickedly, ye shall be
consumed, both ye and your king.
1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years
2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two
thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand
were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he
sent every man to his tent.
3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that
was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet
throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.
4 And all Israel heard say that Saul had smitten a
garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel also was had in abomination
with the Philistines. And the people were called together after Saul to
5 And the Philistines gathered themselves together to
fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen,
and people as the sand which is on the sea shore in multitude: and they
came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Bethaven.
6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait,
(for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in
caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in
7 And some of the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of
Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people
followed him trembling.
8 And he tarried seven days, according to the set time
that Samuel had appointed: but Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the people
were scattered from him.
9 And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and
peace offerings. And he offered the burnt offering.
10 And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end
of offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to
meet him, that he might salute him.
11 And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said,
Because I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that thou camest
not within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered
themselves together at Michmash;
12 Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now
upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the LORD: I
forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering.
13 And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou
hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded
thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for
14 But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath
sought him a man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him to
be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD
15 And Samuel arose, and gat him up from Gilgal unto
Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people that were present with
him, about six hundred men.
16 And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that
were present with them, abode in Gibeah of Benjamin: but the Philistines
encamped in Michmash.
17 And the spoilers came out of the camp of the
Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way that
leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual:
18 And another company turned the way to Bethhoron: and
another company turned to the way of the border that looketh to the valley
of Zeboim toward the wilderness.
19 Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of
Israel: for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or
20 But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to
sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his
21 Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the
coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the
22 So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was
neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that were
with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there
23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the
passage of Michmash.
1 Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of
Saul said unto the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go
over to the Philistines' garrison, that is on the other side. But he told
not his father.
2 And Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a
pomegranate tree which is in Migron: and the people that were with him
were about six hundred men;
3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son
of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD's priest in Shiloh, wearing an
ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
4 And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go
over unto the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one
side, and a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one was
Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.
5 The forefront of the one was situate northward over
against Michmash, and the other southward over against Gibeah.
6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armour,
Come, and let us go over unto the garrison of these uncircumcised: it may
be that the LORD will work for us: for there is no restraint to the LORD
to save by many or by few.
7 And his armourbearer said unto him, Do all that is in
thine heart: turn thee; behold, I am with thee according to thy
8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto these
men, and we will discover ourselves unto them.
9 If they say thus unto us, Tarry until we come to you;
then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto
10 But if they say thus, Come up unto us; then we will go
up: for the LORD hath delivered them into our hand: and this shall be a
sign unto us.
11 And both of them discovered themselves unto the
garrison of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews
come forth out of the holes where they had hid themselves.
12 And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his
armourbearer, and said, Come up to us, and we will shew you a thing. And
Jonathan said unto his armourbearer, Come up after me: for the LORD hath
delivered them into the hand of Israel.
13 And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his
feet, and his armourbearer after him: and they fell before Jonathan; and
his armourbearer slew after him.
14 And that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his
armourbearer made, was about twenty men, within as it were an half acre of
land, which a yoke of oxen might plow.
15 And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and
among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled,
and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling.
16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked;
and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down one
17 Then said Saul unto the people that were with him,
Number now, and see who is gone from us. And when they had numbered,
behold, Jonathan and his armourbearer were not there.
18 And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God.
For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.
19 And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest,
that the noise that was in the host of the Philistines went on and
increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand.
20 And Saul and all the people that were with him
assembled themselves, and they came to the battle: and, behold, every
man's sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great
21 Moreover the Hebrews that were with the Philistines
before that time, which went up with them into the camp from the country
round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites that were
with Saul and Jonathan.
22 Likewise all the men of Israel which had hid themselves
in mount Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, even they
also followed hard after them in the battle.
23 So the LORD saved Israel that day: and the battle
passed over unto Bethaven.
24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for
Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any
food until evening, that I may be avenged on mine enemies. So none of the
people tasted any food.
25 And all they of the land came to a wood; and there was
honey upon the ground.
26 And when the people were come into the wood, behold,
the honey dropped; but no man put his hand to his mouth: for the people
feared the oath.
27 But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the
people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was
in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth;
and his eyes were enlightened.
28 Then answered one of the people, and said, Thy father
straitly charged the people with an oath, saying, Cursed be the man that
eateth any food this day. And the people were faint.
29 Then said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the land:
see, I pray you, how mine eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a
little of this honey.
30 How much more, if haply the people had eaten freely to
day of the spoil of their enemies which they found? for had there not been
now a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?
31 And they smote the Philistines that day from Michmash
to Aijalon: and the people were very faint.
32 And the people flew upon the spoil, and took sheep, and
oxen, and calves, and slew them on the ground: and the people did eat them
with the blood.
33 Then they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin
against the LORD, in that they eat with the blood. And he said, Ye have
transgressed: roll a great stone unto me this day.
34 And Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people,
and say unto them, Bring me hither every man his ox, and every man his
sheep, and slay them here, and eat; and sin not against the LORD in eating
with the blood. And all the people brought every man his ox with him that
night, and slew them there.
35 And Saul built an altar unto the LORD: the same was the
first altar that he built unto the LORD.
36 And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by
night, and spoil them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man
of them. And they said, Do whatsoever seemeth good unto thee. Then said
the priest, Let us draw near hither unto God.
37 And Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after
the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into the hand of Israel? But he
answered him not that day.
38 And Saul said, Draw ye near hither, all the chief of
the people: and know and see wherein this sin hath been this day.
39 For, as the LORD liveth, which saveth Israel, though it
be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. But there was not a man among
all the people that answered him.
40 Then said he unto all Israel, Be ye on one side, and I
and Jonathan my son will be on the other side. And the people said unto
Saul, Do what seemeth good unto thee.
41 Therefore Saul said unto the LORD God of Israel, Give a
perfect lot. And Saul and Jonathan were taken: but the people
42 And Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my
son. And Jonathan was taken.
43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what thou hast
done. And Jonathan told him, and said, I did but taste a little honey with
the end of the rod that was in mine hand, and, lo, I must die.
44 And Saul answered, God do so and more also: for thou
shalt surely die, Jonathan.
45 And the people said unto Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who
hath wrought this great salvation in Israel? God forbid: as the LORD
liveth, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he
hath wrought with God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan, that he
46 Then Saul went up from following the Philistines: and
the Philistines went to their own place.
47 So Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought
against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the
children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and
against the Philistines: and whithersoever he turned himself, he vexed
48 And he gathered an host, and smote the Amalekites, and
delivered Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them.
49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishui, and
Melchishua: and the names of his two daughters were these; the name of the
firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal:
50 And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter
of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of
Ner, Saul's uncle.
51 And Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of
Abner was the son of Abiel.
52 And there was sore war against the Philistines all the
days of Saul: and when Saul saw any strong man, or any valiant man, he
took him unto him.
1 Samuel also said unto Saul, The LORD sent me to anoint
thee to be king over his people, over Israel: now therefore hearken thou
unto the voice of the words of the LORD.
2 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember that which
Amalek did to Israel, how he laid wait for him in the way, when he came up
3 Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that
they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and
suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.
4 And Saul gathered the people together, and numbered them
in Telaim, two hundred thousand footmen, and ten thousand men of
5 And Saul came to a city of Amalek, and laid wait in the
6 And Saul said unto the Kenites, Go, depart, get you down
from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them: for ye shewed
kindness to all the children of Israel, when they came up out of Egypt. So
the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites.
7 And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until thou
comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt.
8 And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and
utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
9 But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the
sheep, and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that
was good, and would not utterly destroy them: but every thing that was
vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly.
10 Then came the word of the LORD unto Samuel,
11 It repenteth me that I have set up Saul to be king: for
he is turned back from following me, and hath not performed my
commandments. And it grieved Samuel; and he cried unto the LORD all
12 And when Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning,
it was told Samuel, saying, Saul came to Carmel, and, behold, he set him
up a place, and is gone about, and passed on, and gone down to
13 And Samuel came to Saul: and Saul said unto him,
Blessed be thou of the LORD: I have performed the commandment of the
14 And Samuel said, What meaneth then this bleating of the
sheep in mine ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?
15 And Saul said, They have brought them from the
Amalekites: for the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen,
to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God; and the rest we have utterly
16 Then Samuel said unto Saul, Stay, and I will tell thee
what the LORD hath said to me this night. And he said unto him, Say
17 And Samuel said, When thou wast little in thine own
sight, wast thou not made the head of the tribes of Israel, and the LORD
anointed thee king over Israel?
18 And the LORD sent thee on a journey, and said, Go and
utterly destroy the sinners the Amalekites, and fight against them until
they be consumed.
19 Wherefore then didst thou not obey the voice of the
LORD, but didst fly upon the spoil, and didst evil in the sight of the
20 And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, I have obeyed the voice
of the LORD, and have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and have
brought Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed the
21 But the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the
chief of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice
unto the LORD thy God in Gilgal.
22 And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in
burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD?
Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of
23 For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and
stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the
word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from being king.
24 And Saul said unto Samuel, I have sinned: for I have
transgressed the commandment of the LORD, and thy words: because I feared
the people, and obeyed their voice.
25 Now therefore, I pray thee, pardon my sin, and turn
again with me, that I may worship the LORD.
26 And Samuel said unto Saul, I will not return with thee:
for thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD hath rejected
thee from being king over Israel.
27 And as Samuel turned about to go away, he laid hold
upon the skirt of his mantle, and it rent.
28 And Samuel said unto him, The LORD hath rent the
kingdom of Israel from thee this day, and hath given it to a neighbour of
thine, that is better than thou.
29 And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor
repent: for he is not a man, that he should repent.
30 Then he said, I have sinned: yet honour me now, I pray
thee, before the elders of my people, and before Israel, and turn again
with me, that I may worship the LORD thy God.
31 So Samuel turned again after Saul; and Saul worshipped
32 Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king
of the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said,
Surely the bitterness of death is past.
33 And Samuel said, As the sword hath made women
childless, so shall thy mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed
Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal.
34 Then Samuel went to Ramah; and Saul went up to his
house to Gibeah of Saul.
35 And Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of
his death: nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul: and the LORD repented
that he had made Saul king over Israel.
1 And the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn
for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine
horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I
have provided me a king among his sons.
2 And Samuel said, How can I go? if Saul hear it, he will
kill me. And the LORD said, Take an heifer with thee, and say, I am come
to sacrifice to the LORD.
3 And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will shew thee
what thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name unto
4 And Samuel did that which the LORD spake, and came to
Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said,
Comest thou peaceably?
5 And he said, Peaceably: I am come to sacrifice unto the
LORD: sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice. And he
sanctified Jesse and his sons, and called them to the sacrifice.
6 And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked
on Eliab, and said, Surely the LORD's anointed is before him.
7 But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his
countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him:
for the LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward
appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.
8 Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before
Samuel. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this.
9 Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither
hath the LORD chosen this.
10 Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before
Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse, The LORD hath not chosen these.
11 And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children?
And he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the
sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit
down till he come hither.
12 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and
withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD
said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he.
13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in
the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from
that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.
14 But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an
evil spirit from the LORD troubled him.
15 And Saul's servants said unto him, Behold now, an evil
spirit from God troubleth thee.
16 Let our lord now command thy servants, which are before
thee, to seek out a man, who is a cunning player on an harp: and it shall
come to pass, when the evil spirit from God is upon thee, that he shall
play with his hand, and thou shalt be well.
17 And Saul said unto his servants, Provide me now a man
that can play well, and bring him to me.
18 Then answered one of the servants, and said, Behold, I
have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, that is cunning in playing, and
a mighty valiant man, and a man of war, and prudent in matters, and a
comely person, and the LORD is with him.
19 Wherefore Saul sent messengers unto Jesse, and said,
Send me David thy son, which is with the sheep.
20 And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of
wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.
21 And David came to Saul, and stood before him: and he
loved him greatly; and he became his armourbearer.
22 And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, Let David, I pray thee,
stand before me; for he hath found favour in my sight.
23 And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was
upon Saul, that David took an harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was
refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.
1 Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to
battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah,
and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim.
2 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together,
and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the
3 And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side,
and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a valley
4 And there went out a champion out of the camp of the
Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a
5 And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was
armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand
shekels of brass.
6 And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target
of brass between his shoulders.
7 And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and
his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a
shield went before him.
8 And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and
said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I
a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let
him come down to me.
9 If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then
will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then
shall ye be our servants, and serve us.
10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel
this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the
Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.
12 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of
Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man
went among men for an old man in the days of Saul.
13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed
Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the
battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third
14 And David was the youngest: and the three eldest
15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his
father's sheep at Bethlehem.
16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and
presented himself forty days.
17 And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy
brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to
the camp of thy brethren;
18 And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their
thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in
the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
20 And David rose up early in the morning, and left the
sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and
he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and
shouted for the battle.
21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in
array, army against army.
22 And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper
of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his
23 And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the
champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of
the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard
24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled
from him, and were sore afraid.
25 And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that
is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the
man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will
give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.
26 And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying,
What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh
away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine,
that he should defy the armies of the living God?
27 And the people answered him after this manner, saying,
So shall it be done to the man that killeth him.
28 And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto
the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why
camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in
the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for
thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.
29 And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a
30 And he turned from him toward another, and spake after
the same manner: and the people answered him again after the former
31 And when the words were heard which David spake, they
rehearsed them before Saul: and he sent for him.
32 And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because
of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine.
33 And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against
this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and he a man
of war from his youth.
34 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's
sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the
35 And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered
it out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him by his
beard, and smote him, and slew him.
36 Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this
uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied
the armies of the living God.
37 David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of
the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me
out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the
LORD be with thee.
38 And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an
helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of
39 And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he
assayed to go; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I
cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off
40 And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five
smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he
had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to
41 And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David;
and the man that bare the shield went before him.
42 And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he
disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair
43 And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that
thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his
44 And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I
will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the
45 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me
with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in
the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou
46 This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and
I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the
carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the
air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that
there is a God in Israel.
47 And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth
not with sword and spear: for the battle is the LORD's, and he will give
you into our hands.
48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and
came, and drew nigh to meet David, that David hastened, and ran toward the
army to meet the Philistine.
49 And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a
stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the
stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the
50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and
with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no
sword in the hand of David.
51 Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and
took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and
cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion
was dead, they fled.
52 And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted,
and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the
gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to
Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron.
53 And the children of Israel returned from chasing after
the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents.
54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought
it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent.
55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the
Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son
is this youth? And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot
56 And the king said, Enquire thou whose son the stripling
57 And as David returned from the slaughter of the
Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of
the Philistine in his hand.
58 And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young
man? And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the
1 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking
unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and
Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more
home to his father's house.
3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he
loved him as his own soul.
4 And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon
him, and gave it to David, and his garments, even to his sword, and to his
bow, and to his girdle.
5 And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and
behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was
accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul's
6 And it came to pass as they came, when David was
returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of
all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with
tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of musick.
7 And the women answered one another as they played, and
said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands.
8 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him;
and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they
have ascribed but thousands: and what can he have more but the
9 And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.
10 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit
from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and
David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in
11 And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite
David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence
12 And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with
him, and was departed from Saul.
13 Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his
captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the
14 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and
the LORD was with him.
15 Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very
wisely, he was afraid of him.
16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went
out and came in before them.
17 And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab,
her will I give thee to wife: only be thou valiant for me, and fight the
LORD's battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the
hand of the Philistines be upon him.
18 And David said unto Saul, Who am I? and what is my
life, or my father's family in Israel, that I should be son in law to the
19 But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's
daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel
the Meholathite to wife.
20 And Michal Saul's daughter loved David: and they told
Saul, and the thing pleased him.
21 And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a
snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him.
Wherefore Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in the
one of the twain.
22 And Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with
David secretly, and say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all
his servants love thee: now therefore be the king's son in law.
23 And Saul's servants spake those words in the ears of
David. And David said, Seemeth it to you a light thing to be a king's son
in law, seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed?
24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying, On this
manner spake David.
25 And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king
desireth not any dowry, but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be
avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the
hand of the Philistines.
26 And when his servants told David these words, it
pleased David well to be the king's son in law: and the days were not
27 Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and
slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their
foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be
the king's son in law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to
28 And Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David, and
that Michal Saul's daughter loved him.
29 And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul
became David's enemy continually.
30 Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it
came to pass, after they went forth, that David behaved himself more
wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was much set
1 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his
servants, that they should kill David.
2 But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David: and
Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father seeketh to kill thee: now
therefore, I pray thee, take heed to thyself until the morning, and abide
in a secret place, and hide thyself:
3 And I will go out and stand beside my father in the
field where thou art, and I will commune with my father of thee; and what
I see, that I will tell thee.
4 And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father,
and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against
David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works have
been to thee-ward very good:
5 For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the
Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou
sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against
innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?
6 And Saul hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan: and Saul
sware, As the LORD liveth, he shall not be slain.
7 And Jonathan called David, and Jonathan shewed him all
those things. And Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his
presence, as in times past.
8 And there was war again: and David went out, and fought
with the Philistines, and slew them with a great slaughter; and they fled
9 And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he
sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his
10 And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with
the javelin: but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote the
javelin into the wall: and David fled, and escaped that night.
11 Saul also sent messengers unto David's house, to watch
him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David's wife told him,
saying, If thou save not thy life to night, to morrow thou shalt be
12 So Michal let David down through a window: and he went,
and fled, and escaped.
13 And Michal took an image, and laid it in the bed, and
put a pillow of goats' hair for his bolster, and covered it with a
14 And when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said,
He is sick.
15 And Saul sent the messengers again to see David,
saying, Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may slay him.
16 And when the messengers were come in, behold, there was
an image in the bed, with a pillow of goats' hair for his bolster.
17 And Saul said unto Michal, Why hast thou deceived me
so, and sent away mine enemy, that he is escaped? And Michal answered
Saul, He said unto me, Let me go; why should I kill thee?
18 So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to
Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went
and dwelt in Naioth.
19 And it was told Saul, saying, Behold, David is at
Naioth in Ramah.
20 And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they
saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as
appointed over them, the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul,
and they also prophesied.
21 And when it was told Saul, he sent other messengers,
and they prophesied likewise. And Saul sent messengers again the third
time, and they prophesied also.
22 Then went he also to Ramah, and came to a great well
that is in Sechu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And
one said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah.
23 And he went thither to Naioth in Ramah: and the Spirit
of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to
Naioth in Ramah.
24 And he stripped off his clothes also, and prophesied
before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that
night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?
1 And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said
before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my
sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life?
2 And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die:
behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will
shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not
3 And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly
knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not
Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: but truly as the LORD liveth, and
as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death.
4 Then said Jonathan unto David, Whatsoever thy soul
desireth, I will even do it for thee.
5 And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is the
new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me
go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even.
6 If thy father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly
asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city: for there is a
yearly sacrifice there for all the family.
7 If he say thus, It is well; thy servant shall have
peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by
8 Therefore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for
thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the LORD with thee:
notwithstanding, if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why
shouldest thou bring me to thy father?
9 And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew
certainly that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, then
would not I tell it thee?
10 Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what
if thy father answer thee roughly?
11 And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go out
into the field. And they went out both of them into the field.
12 And Jonathan said unto David, O LORD God of Israel,
when I have sounded my father about to morrow any time, or the third day,
and, behold, if there be good toward David, and I then send not unto thee,
and shew it thee;
13 The LORD do so and much more to Jonathan: but if it
please my father to do thee evil, then I will shew it thee, and send thee
away, that thou mayest go in peace: and the LORD be with thee, as he hath
been with my father.
14 And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the
kindness of the LORD, that I die not:
15 But also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my
house for ever: no, not when the LORD hath cut off the enemies of David
every one from the face of the earth.
16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David,
saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's
17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he
loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
18 Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow is the new moon:
and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty.
19 And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt
go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when
the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.
20 And I will shoot three arrows on the side thereof, as
though I shot at a mark.
21 And, behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, find out
the arrows. If I expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on
this side of thee, take them; then come thou: for there is peace to thee,
and no hurt; as the LORD liveth.
22 But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the
arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for the LORD hath sent thee
23 And as touching the matter which thou and I have spoken
of, behold, the LORD be between thee and me for ever.
24 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new
moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat.
25 And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even
upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's side,
and David's place was empty.
26 Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he
thought, Something hath befallen him, he is not clean; surely he is not
27 And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second
day of the month, that David's place was empty: and Saul said unto
Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither
yesterday, nor to day?
28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave
of me to go to Bethlehem:
29 And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family
hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be
there: and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I
pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's
30 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he
said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know
that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto
the confusion of thy mother's nakedness?
31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground,
thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and
fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.
32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto
him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?
33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby
Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.
34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and
did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David,
because his father had done him shame.
35 And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went
out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with
36 And he said unto his lad, Run, find out now the arrows
which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.
37 And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow
which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not
the arrow beyond thee?
38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste,
stay not. And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his
39 But the lad knew not any thing: only Jonathan and David
knew the matter.
40 And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said
unto him, Go, carry them to the city.
41 And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a
place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed
himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with
another, until David exceeded.
42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as
we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be
between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he
arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.
1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and
Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art
thou alone, and no man with thee?
2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath
commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing
of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee:
and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place.
3 Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five
loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present.
4 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no
common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young
men have kept themselves at least from women.
5 And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a
truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came
out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a
manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the
6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no
bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put
hot bread in the day when it was taken away.
7 Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that
day, detained before the LORD; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the
chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul.
8 And David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here
under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor
my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste.
9 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the
Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here
wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take it: for
there is no other save that here. And David said, There is none like that;
give it me.
10 And David arose and fled that day for fear of Saul, and
went to Achish the king of Gath.
11 And the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this
David the king of the land? did they not sing one to another of him in
dances, saying, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten
12 And David laid up these words in his heart, and was
sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath.
13 And he changed his behaviour before them, and feigned
himself mad in their hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and
let his spittle fall down upon his beard.
14 Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see the man
is mad: wherefore then have ye brought him to me?
15 Have I need of mad men, that ye have brought this
fellow to play the mad man in my presence? shall this fellow come into my
1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave
Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they
went down thither to him.
2 And every one that was in distress, and every one that
was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto
him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four
3 And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said
unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come
forth, and be with you, till I know what God will do for me.
4 And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they
dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.
5 And the prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in the
hold; depart, and get thee into the land of Judah. Then David departed,
and came into the forest of Hareth.
6 When Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men
that were with him, (now Saul abode in Gibeah under a tree in Ramah,
having his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing about
7 Then Saul said unto his servants that stood about him,
Hear now, ye Benjamites; will the son of Jesse give every one of you
fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands, and captains
8 That all of you have conspired against me, and there is
none that sheweth me that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse,
and there is none of you that is sorry for me, or sheweth unto me that my
son hath stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this
9 Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the
servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to
Ahimelech the son of Ahitub.
10 And he enquired of the LORD for him, and gave him
victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
11 Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the
son of Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests that were in Nob:
and they came all of them to the king.
12 And Saul said, Hear now, thou son of Ahitub. And he
answered, Here I am, my lord.
13 And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired against
me, thou and the son of Jesse, in that thou hast given him bread, and a
sword, and hast enquired of God for him, that he should rise against me,
to lie in wait, as at this day?
14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is
so faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king's son in
law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house?
15 Did I then begin to enquire of God for him? be it far
from me: let not the king impute any thing unto his servant, nor to all
the house of my father: for thy servant knew nothing of all this, less or
16 And the king said, Thou shalt surely die, Ahimelech,
thou, and all thy father's house.
17 And the king said unto the footmen that stood about
him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD: because their hand also is
with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me.
But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon
the priests of the LORD.
18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the
priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and
slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen
19 And Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the
edge of the sword, both men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen,
and asses, and sheep, with the edge of the sword.
20 And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub,
named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.
21 And Abiathar shewed David that Saul had slain the
22 And David said unto Abiathar, I knew it that day, when
Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have
occasioned the death of all the persons of thy father's house.
23 Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my
life seeketh thy life: but with me thou shalt be in safeguard.
1 Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines
fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshingfloors.
2 Therefore David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go
and smite these Philistines? And the LORD said unto David, Go, and smite
the Philistines, and save Keilah.
3 And David's men said unto him, Behold, we be afraid here
in Judah: how much more then if we come to Keilah against the armies of
4 Then David enquired of the LORD yet again. And the LORD
answered him and said, Arise, go down to Keilah; for I will deliver the
Philistines into thine hand.
5 So David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the
Philistines, and brought away their cattle, and smote them with a great
slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.
6 And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech
fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his
7 And it was told Saul that David was come to Keilah. And
Saul said, God hath delivered him into mine hand; for he is shut in, by
entering into a town that hath gates and bars.
8 And Saul called all the people together to war, to go
down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men.
9 And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief
against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the
10 Then said David, O LORD God of Israel, thy servant hath
certainly heard that Saul seeketh to come to Keilah, to destroy the city
for my sake.
11 Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand?
will Saul come down, as thy servant hath heard? O LORD God of Israel, I
beseech thee, tell thy servant. And the LORD said, He will come
12 Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and
my men into the hand of Saul? And the LORD said, They will deliver thee
13 Then David and his men, which were about six hundred,
arose and departed out of Keilah, and went whithersoever they could go.
And it was told Saul that David was escaped from Keilah; and he forbare to
14 And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds, and
remained in a mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him
every day, but God delivered him not into his hand.
15 And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life:
and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood.
16 And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into
the wood, and strengthened his hand in God.
17 And he said unto him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul my
father shall not find thee; and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I
shall be next unto thee; and that also Saul my father knoweth.
18 And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David
abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.
19 Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying,
Doth not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the
hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon?
20 Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the
desire of thy soul to come down; and our part shall be to deliver him into
the king's hand.
21 And Saul said, Blessed be ye of the LORD; for ye have
compassion on me.
22 Go, I pray you, prepare yet, and know and see his place
where his haunt is, and who hath seen him there: for it is told me that he
dealeth very subtilly.
23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking
places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the
certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in
the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of
24 And they arose, and went to Ziph before Saul: but David
and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the south of
25 Saul also and his men went to seek him. And they told
David; wherefore he came down into a rock, and abode in the wilderness of
Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness
26 And Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David
and his men on that side of the mountain: and David made haste to get away
for fear of Saul; for Saul and his men compassed David and his men round
about to take them.
27 But there came a messenger unto Saul, saying, Haste
thee, and come; for the Philistines have invaded the land.
28 Wherefore Saul returned from pursuing after David, and
went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place
29 And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong
holds at Engedi.
1 And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from
following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is
in the wilderness of Engedi.
2 Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all
Israel, and went to seek David and his men upon the rocks of the wild
3 And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where was a
cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained
in the sides of the cave.
4 And the men of David said unto him, Behold the day of
which the LORD said unto thee, Behold, I will deliver thine enemy into
thine hand, that thou mayest do to him as it shall seem good unto thee.
Then David arose, and cut off the skirt of Saul's robe privily.
5 And it came to pass afterward, that David's heart smote
him, because he had cut off Saul's skirt.
6 And he said unto his men, The LORD forbid that I should
do this thing unto my master, the LORD's anointed, to stretch forth mine
hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the LORD.
7 So David stayed his servants with these words, and
suffered them not to rise against Saul. But Saul rose up out of the cave,
and went on his way.
8 David also arose afterward, and went out of the cave,
and cried after Saul, saying, My lord the king. And when Saul looked
behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth, and bowed
9 And David said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men's
words, saying, Behold, David seeketh thy hurt?
10 Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the LORD
had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and some bade me
kill thee: but mine eye spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine
hand against my lord; for he is the LORD's anointed.
11 Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy
robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed
thee not, know thou and see that there is neither evil nor transgression
in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul
to take it.
12 The LORD judge between me and thee, and the LORD avenge
me of thee: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
13 As saith the proverb of the ancients, Wickedness
proceedeth from the wicked: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
14 After whom is the king of Israel come out? after whom
dost thou pursue? after a dead dog, after a flea.
15 The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me and
thee, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine
16 And it came to pass, when David had made an end of
speaking these words unto Saul, that Saul said, Is this thy voice, my son
David? And Saul lifted up his voice, and wept.
17 And he said to David, Thou art more righteous than I:
for thou hast rewarded me good, whereas I have rewarded thee evil.
18 And thou hast shewed this day how that thou hast dealt
well with me: forasmuch as when the LORD had delivered me into thine hand,
thou killedst me not.
19 For if a man find his enemy, will he let him go well
away? wherefore the LORD reward thee good for that thou hast done unto me
20 And now, behold, I know well that thou shalt surely be
king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in thine
21 Swear now therefore unto me by the LORD, that thou wilt
not cut off my seed after me, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out
of my father's house.
22 And David sware unto Saul. And Saul went home; but
David and his men gat them up unto the hold.
1 And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered
together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah. And
David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran.
2 And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in
Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a
thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
3 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his
wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a
beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings;
and he was of the house of Caleb.
4 And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear
5 And David sent out ten young men, and David said unto
the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my
6 And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in prosperity,
Peace be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and peace be unto all
that thou hast.
7 And now I have heard that thou hast shearers: now thy
shepherds which were with us, we hurt them not, neither was there ought
missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel.
8 Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore
let the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a good day:
give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and
to thy son David.
9 And when David's young men came, they spake to Nabal
according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.
10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who is
David? and who is the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that
break away every man from his master.
11 Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my flesh
that I have killed for my shearers, and give it unto men, whom I know not
whence they be?
12 So David's young men turned their way, and went again,
and came and told him all those sayings.
13 And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his
sword. And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded on
his sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and two
hundred abode by the stuff.
14 But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife,
saying, Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute our
master; and he railed on them.
15 But the men were very good unto us, and we were not
hurt, neither missed we any thing, as long as we were conversant with
them, when we were in the fields:
16 They were a wall unto us both by night and day, all the
while we were with them keeping the sheep.
17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for
evil is determined against our master, and against all his household: for
he is such a son of Belial, that a man cannot speak to him.
18 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves,
and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures
of parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes
of figs, and laid them on asses.
19 And she said unto her servants, Go on before me;
behold, I come after you. But she told not her husband Nabal.
20 And it was so, as she rode on the ass, that she came
down by the covert on the hill, and, behold, David and his men came down
against her; and she met them.
21 Now David had said, Surely in vain have I kept all that
this fellow hath in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that
pertained unto him: and he hath requited me evil for good.
22 So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I
leave of all that pertain to him by the morning light any that pisseth
against the wall.
23 And when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and lighted off
the ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed herself to the
24 And fell at his feet, and said, Upon me, my lord, upon
me let this iniquity be: and let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak in
thine audience, and hear the words of thine handmaid.
25 Let not my lord, I pray thee, regard this man of
Belial, even Nabal: for as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and
folly is with him: but I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my lord,
whom thou didst send.
26 Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD liveth, and as thy
soul liveth, seeing the LORD hath withholden thee from coming to shed
blood, and from avenging thyself with thine own hand, now let thine
enemies, and they that seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.
27 And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath brought
unto my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that follow my
28 I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid:
for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord
fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee all
29 Yet a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy
soul: but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with
the LORD thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling out,
as out of the middle of a sling.
30 And it shall come to pass, when the LORD shall have
done to my lord according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning
thee, and shall have appointed thee ruler over Israel;
31 That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of
heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my
lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my
lord, then remember thine handmaid.
32 And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the LORD God of
Israel, which sent thee this day to meet me:
33 And blessed be thy advice, and blessed be thou, which
hast kept me this day from coming to shed blood, and from avenging myself
with mine own hand.
34 For in very deed, as the LORD God of Israel liveth,
which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and
come to meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the morning
light any that pisseth against the wall.
35 So David received of her hand that which she had
brought him, and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I have
hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person.
36 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast
in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was merry within
him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or
more, until the morning light.
37 But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was
gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart
died within him, and he became as a stone.
38 And it came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD
smote Nabal, that he died.
39 And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said,
Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the
hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath
returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and
communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.
40 And when the servants of David were come to Abigail to
Carmel, they spake unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take thee
to him to wife.
41 And she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the
earth, and said, Behold, let thine handmaid be a servant to wash the feet
of the servants of my lord.
42 And Abigail hasted, and arose and rode upon an ass,
with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the
messengers of David, and became his wife.
43 David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also
both of them his wives.
44 But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife,
to Phalti the son of Laish, which was of Gallim.
1 And the Ziphites came unto Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth
not David hide himself in the hill of Hachilah, which is before
2 Then Saul arose, and went down to the wilderness of
Ziph, having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David
in the wilderness of Ziph.
3 And Saul pitched in the hill of Hachilah, which is
before Jeshimon, by the way. But David abode in the wilderness, and he saw
that Saul came after him into the wilderness.
4 David therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul
was come in very deed.
5 And David arose, and came to the place where Saul had
pitched: and David beheld the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of
Ner, the captain of his host: and Saul lay in the trench, and the people
pitched round about him.
6 Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite,
and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go
down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with
7 So David and Abishai came to the people by night: and,
behold, Saul lay sleeping within the trench, and his spear stuck in the
ground at his bolster: but Abner and the people lay round about
8 Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine
enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray
thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not smite him
the second time.
9 And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can
stretch forth his hand against the LORD's anointed, and be
10 David said furthermore, As the LORD liveth, the LORD
shall smite him; or his day shall come to die; or he shall descend into
battle, and perish.
11 The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth mine hand
against the LORD's anointed: but, I pray thee, take thou now the spear
that is at his bolster, and the cruse of water, and let us go.
12 So David took the spear and the cruse of water from
Saul's bolster; and they gat them away, and no man saw it, nor knew it,
neither awaked: for they were all asleep; because a deep sleep from the
LORD was fallen upon them.
13 Then David went over to the other side, and stood on
the top of an hill afar off; a great space being between them:
14 And David cried to the people, and to Abner the son of
Ner, saying, Answerest thou not, Abner? Then Abner answered and said, Who
art thou that criest to the king?
15 And David said to Abner, Art not thou a valiant man?
and who is like to thee in Israel? wherefore then hast thou not kept thy
lord the king? for there came one of the people in to destroy the king thy
16 This thing is not good that thou hast done. As the LORD
liveth, ye are worthy to die, because ye have not kept your master, the
LORD's anointed. And now see where the king's spear is, and the cruse of
water that was at his bolster.
17 And Saul knew David's voice, and said, Is this thy
voice, my son David? And David said, It is my voice, my lord, O
18 And he said, Wherefore doth my lord thus pursue after
his servant? for what have I done? or what evil is in mine hand?
19 Now therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king hear
the words of his servant. If the LORD have stirred thee up against me, let
him accept an offering: but if they be the children of men, cursed be they
before the LORD; for they have driven me out this day from abiding in the
inheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other gods.
20 Now therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth
before the face of the LORD: for the king of Israel is come out to seek a
flea, as when one doth hunt a partridge in the mountains.
21 Then said Saul, I have sinned: return, my son David:
for I will no more do thee harm, because my soul was precious in thine
eyes this day: behold, I have played the fool, and have erred
22 And David answered and said, Behold the king's spear!
and let one of the young men come over and fetch it.
23 The LORD render to every man his righteousness and his
faithfulness; for the LORD delivered thee into my hand to day, but I would
not stretch forth mine hand against the LORD's anointed.
24 And, behold, as thy life was much set by this day in
mine eyes, so let my life be much set by in the eyes of the LORD, and let
him deliver me out of all tribulation.
25 Then Saul said to David, Blessed be thou, my son David:
thou shalt both do great things, and also shalt still prevail. So David
went on his way, and Saul returned to his place.
1 And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day
by the hand of Saul: there is nothing better for me than that I should
speedily escape into the land of the Philistines; and Saul shall despair
of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel: so shall I escape out
of his hand.
2 And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred
men that were with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
3 And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men,
every man with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the
Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.
4 And it was told Saul that David was fled to Gath: and he
sought no more again for him.
5 And David said unto Achish, If I have now found grace in
thine eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I
may dwell there: for why should thy servant dwell in the royal city with
6 Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: wherefore Ziklag
pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto this day.
7 And the time that David dwelt in the country of the
Philistines was a full year and four months.
8 And David and his men went up, and invaded the
Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were
of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the
land of Egypt.
9 And David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman
alive, and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and the
camels, and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish.
10 And Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to day?
And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the
Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites.
11 And David saved neither man nor woman alive, to bring
tidings to Gath, saying, Lest they should tell on us, saying, So did
David, and so will be his manner all the while he dwelleth in the country
of the Philistines.
12 And Achish believed David, saying, He hath made his
people Israel utterly to abhor him; therefore he shall be my servant for
1 And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines
gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel. And
Achish said unto David, Know thou assuredly, that thou shalt go out with
me to battle, thou and thy men.
2 And David said to Achish, Surely thou shalt know what
thy servant can do. And Achish said to David, Therefore will I make thee
keeper of mine head for ever.
3 Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him,
and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. And Saul had put away those
that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land.
4 And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and
came and pitched in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and
they pitched in Gilboa.
5 And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was
afraid, and his heart greatly trembled.
6 And when Saul enquired of the LORD, the LORD answered
him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.
7 Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that
hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and enquire of her. And his
servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a familiar spirit
8 And Saul disguised himself, and put on other raiment,
and he went, and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night:
and he said, I pray thee, divine unto me by the familiar spirit, and bring
me him up, whom I shall name unto thee.
9 And the woman said unto him, Behold, thou knowest what
Saul hath done, how he hath cut off those that have familiar spirits, and
the wizards, out of the land: wherefore then layest thou a snare for my
life, to cause me to die?
10 And Saul sware to her by the LORD, saying, As the LORD
liveth, there shall no punishment happen to thee for this thing.
11 Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee?
And he said, Bring me up Samuel.
12 And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud
voice: and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me? for
thou art Saul.
13 And the king said unto her, Be not afraid: for what
sawest thou? And the woman said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of the
14 And he said unto her, What form is he of? And she said,
An old man cometh up; and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived
that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground, and bowed
15 And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me,
to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed; for the
Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and
answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have
called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do.
16 Then said Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask of me,
seeing the LORD is departed from thee, and is become thine enemy?
17 And the LORD hath done to him, as he spake by me: for
the LORD hath rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and given it to thy
neighbour, even to David:
18 Because thou obeyedst not the voice of the LORD, nor
executedst his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath the LORD done this
thing unto thee this day.
19 Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with thee
into the hand of the Philistines: and to morrow shalt thou and thy sons be
with me: the LORD also shall deliver the host of Israel into the hand of
20 Then Saul fell straightway all along on the earth, and
was sore afraid, because of the words of Samuel: and there was no strength
in him; for he had eaten no bread all the day, nor all the night.
21 And the woman came unto Saul, and saw that he was sore
troubled, and said unto him, Behold, thine handmaid hath obeyed thy voice,
and I have put my life in my hand, and have hearkened unto thy words which
thou spakest unto me.
22 Now therefore, I pray thee, hearken thou also unto the
voice of thine handmaid, and let me set a morsel of bread before thee; and
eat, that thou mayest have strength, when thou goest on thy way.
23 But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his
servants, together with the woman, compelled him; and he hearkened unto
their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed.
24 And the woman had a fat calf in the house; and she
hasted, and killed it, and took flour, and kneaded it, and did bake
unleavened bread thereof:
25 And she brought it before Saul, and before his
servants; and they did eat. Then they rose up, and went away that
1 Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies
to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in
2 And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds,
and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rereward with
3 Then said the princes of the Philistines, What do these
Hebrews here? And Achish said unto the princes of the Philistines, Is not
this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, which hath been with
me these days, or these years, and I have found no fault in him since he
fell unto me unto this day?
4 And the princes of the Philistines were wroth with him;
and the princes of the Philistines said unto him, Make this fellow return,
that he may go again to his place which thou hast appointed him, and let
him not go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he be an adversary
to us: for wherewith should he reconcile himself unto his master? should
it not be with the heads of these men?
5 Is not this David, of whom they sang one to another in
dances, saying, Saul slew his thousands, and David his ten
6 Then Achish called David, and said unto him, Surely, as
the LORD liveth, thou hast been upright, and thy going out and thy coming
in with me in the host is good in my sight: for I have not found evil in
thee since the day of thy coming unto me unto this day: nevertheless the
lords favour thee not.
7 Wherefore now return, and go in peace, that thou
displease not the lords of the Philistines.
8 And David said unto Achish, But what have I done? and
what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been with thee unto
this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the
9 And Achish answered and said to David, I know that thou
art good in my sight, as an angel of God: notwithstanding the princes of
the Philistines have said, He shall not go up with us to the
10 Wherefore now rise up early in the morning with thy
master's servants that are come with thee: and as soon as ye be up early
in the morning, and have light, depart.
11 So David and his men rose up early to depart in the
morning, to return into the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines
went up to Jezreel.
1 And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to
Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and
Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire;
2 And had taken the women captives, that were therein:
they slew not any, either great or small, but carried them away, and went
on their way.
3 So David and his men came to the city, and, behold, it
was burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their
daughters, were taken captives.
4 Then David and the people that were with him lifted up
their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep.
5 And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the
Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.
6 And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake
of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man
for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the
LORD his God.
7 And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son,
I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the
ephod to David.
8 And David enquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue
after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for
thou shalt surely overtake them, and without fail recover all.
9 So David went, he and the six hundred men that were with
him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind
10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two
hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the
11 And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought
him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink
12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two
clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him:
for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three
13 And David said unto him, To whom belongest thou? and
whence art thou? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an
Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days agone I fell
14 We made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites,
and upon the coast which belongeth to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb;
and we burned Ziklag with fire.
15 And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this
company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill
me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down
to this company.
16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were
spread abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing,
because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the
Philistines, and out of the land of Judah.
17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the
evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four
hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled.
18 And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried
away: and David rescued his two wives.
19 And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small
nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that
they had taken to them: David recovered all.
20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they
drave before those other cattle, and said, This is David's spoil.
21 And David came to the two hundred men, which were so
faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide
at the brook Besor: and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the
people that were with him: and when David came near to the people, he
22 Then answered all the wicked men and men of Belial, of
those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we
will not give them ought of the spoil that we have recovered, save to
every man his wife and his children, that they may lead them away, and
23 Then said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with
that which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered
the company that came against us into our hand.
24 For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as
his part is that goeth down to the battle, so shall his part be that
tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike.
25 And it was so from that day forward, that he made it a
statute and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.
26 And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil
unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present
for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD;
27 To them which were in Bethel, and to them which were in
south Ramoth, and to them which were in Jattir,
28 And to them which were in Aroer, and to them which were
in Siphmoth, and to them which were in Eshtemoa,
29 And to them which were in Rachal, and to them which
were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to them which were in the
cities of the Kenites,
30 And to them which were in Hormah, and to them which
were in Chorashan, and to them which were in Athach,
31 And to them which were in Hebron, and to all the places
where David himself and his men were wont to haunt.
1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men
of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount
2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his
sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua,
3 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers
hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.
4 Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword,
and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust
me through, and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore
afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.
5 And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he
fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him.
6 So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer,
and all his men, that same day together.
7 And when the men of Israel that were on the other side
of the valley, and they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the
men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the
cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
8 And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines
came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in
9 And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour,
and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in
the house of their idols, and among the people.
10 And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and
they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan.
11 And when the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead heard of that
which the Philistines had done to Saul;
12 All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took
the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan, and
came to Jabesh, and burnt them there.
13 And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree
at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.